Dark Circles

Tired of dark circles under your eyes? Now say good bye to them by getting treatment at Dr. A.K.’s Cosmetic Surgery.

What Causes Dark Circles?

Dark circles are the dark blemishes under or around your eyes. They can age your appearance even more than wrinkles or grey hair. So, they need to be treated and get ridded of.

Number of factors can be behind the appearance of dark circles, which include:

  • Facial aging
  • Volume loss in cheeks and under eyes
  • Excessive under eye fat
  • Hyperpigmentation due to chronic eye-rubbing
  • Sun exposure
  • Genetic reasons
  • Damaged blood vessels around eyes
  • Eye puffiness
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • High caffeine intakes
  • Dehydration
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Itching and allergies
  • Various medical conditions
  • And many other reasons

Treatments of Dark Circles

Simple dark circles can be treated well by following simple home remedies and using various cosmetic products. But if they get worse, they need proper treatment.

Following are the possible cosmetic treatments that can prove to be helpful for getting rid of those worsen dark circles. You need to consult a proper dermatologist who may examine your eyes and then suggest one or a combination of the following treatments.

1. Skin Lightening Treatment

    This is a very effective treatment in dealing with dark circles which appear due to hyperpigmentation (a condition in which patches of skin become noticeably darker than the normal surrounding skin due to excess of melanin, the brown pigment that is responsible for normal skin color).
    Dermatologists usually recommend some topic bleaching agent to treat the darken area. Hydroquinone and Kojic Acid are normally used and the treatment is quite safe as well as least invasive.

2. Intense Pulse Light Therapy (IPL)

    Sometimes you may notice bluish or dark purplish circles around your eyes, this is the result of prominent blood vessels around the eyes. When the under-eye skin is very thin, the blood vessels show throw and create bluish shade under the eyes.
    In this case, doctors sometimes go for Intense Pulse Light therapy especially when an individual has vascular pigmentation problems. IPL treatment has relatively few but long-term risks as well but it has still become a popular technique as its benefits heavily outweigh the risks.

3. Chemical Peels

    It is a very effective non-surgical treatment in which the dermatologist uses low concentration acids (usually TCAs) to exfoliate the epidermis of the periorbital skin which in result lightens the skin and removes the dark circles around the eyes. The treatment may require a few weeks to show up the actual results.
    *If you wish to read more about Chemical Peels, you can read it here (link to chemical peels article)*

4. Laser Skin Resurfacing

    Undergoing laser treatment is another way to deal with dark circles around the eyes. Laser skin resurfacing works similar to chemical peels destroying the top layer of skin using laser, allowing new cells to grow, resulting in the enhancement and uniformization of the skin tone and texture. Laser treatment can be used in several ways to cope with the problem. It can either be used to remove excess pigmentation that may be the reason behind the darkening of skin or to activate collagen production under the surface of the skin to make the skin in that particular zone thicker, so the circles are hardly visible.

5. Dermal Fillers

    When the reason behind dark circles is under-eye thinning or volume loss in upper cheeks or under the eyes due to lack of fat, facial fillers can be helpful. Filler treatments are a safer as well as effective alternative to surgeries.
    In this treatment injectable fillers are used to restore volume, reducing the hollowed-eye look. Only specific light fillers typically made from Hyaluronic acid are used in the under-eye area, heavier fillers like Radiesse are not usually recommended. The result of dermal filler treatment is temporary but effective.

6. Fat Injections

    Treating dark circles via injecting fat is similar to injecting dermal fillers. Although injecting fat is a bit more complicated procedure than that of injecting fillers but the results are long lasting and sometimes even permanent.
    Similar to dermal fillers, fat injections are also used when the reason behind the dark circles is hollowness or shallowness of the under-eye skin or upper cheeks, usually due to fat loss. Fat transfer is done by first harvesting fat from one part of body and then using it to fill the under-eye shallowness by injecting the fat in that particular area, after fat purification.
    *If you wish to read more about Fat Transfer Treatment, you can read it here (link to fat transfer article)*

7. Cheek Augmentation

    Another common reason for dark circles is sunken cheeks and tear trough deformity usually due to aging. In young age, tear trough or under-eye hollows are not that visible but with the passage of time and cheek decent, the separation between the eyelid and the cheek starts to get noticeable. Cheek lift is one way to deal with the tear trough deformity, thus improving the look by reducing under-eye hollows and tear troughs.

8. Eyelid Surgery

    Eyelid surgery also known as Eyelid Blepharoplasty is the most effective and definite treatment for dark circles. Surgery is carried out on the areas of lower eye-lid to diminish the dark circles permanently.
    Although it is comparatively invasive method and involves a longer recovery but with modern techniques and technology, eyelid surgery has become safer, more effective and gives best results with minimal pain and downtime. Moreover, the results of this treatment are remarkable and permanent.

Benefits of Dark Circles Treatment

Some of the benefits that you can get by undergoing the above treatments include:

  • Younger look
  • Fresher face
  • Enhanced eye beauty
  • Reduced aging effects
  • Restoration of under-eye volume
  • Restoration of upper-cheek volume
  • Reduced tear troughs
  • Reduced periorbital dark circles
  • Reduced under-eye puffiness
  • Reduced under-eye hollowness

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